Keokuk – ca. 1819

a Sauk chief

portrait, page 87, Illinois Villages of the Indian Country Historic Tribes by Temple

in 1820, Keokuk was a war chief; their main village was on a point where the Rock River flowed into the Mississippi River.

It was estimated at that time, that the Sauk and Fox nations combined were 5,000 people, of whom 800 were warriors.

In 1830, Stabbing Chief and Keokuk returned to Rock Island; they informed William Clark that the Sauk would be willing to see their land.

The Sauk showed no signs of leaving the Rock River,

The Black Hawk War began.

As a result of the Black Hawk War, the Sauk and Fox were forced out of Illinois.

Source:  Indian Villages of the Illinois Country Historic Tribes by Temple   R970.1 T24

Black Hawk War, The – Thomas S. Johnson

Black Hawk War

Black Hawk War 2

Story continues. Issues of Nuggets of History are available to Rockford Public Library’s Local History Dept.

Source:  Nuggets of History, Vol. 45, No. 4, December 2007

Black Hawk Statue Restoration

3 photographs of damage to statue

“Funds Needed for Black Hawk Statue Restoration” by Susan Johnson, copy editor.

“The rough winter of 2013-2014 took a toll on the famous Black Hawk Statue in Ogle County. The 50-foot statue stands on a 125′ bluff overlooking Rock River in Lowden State Park. Constructed in 1910 by sculptor Lorado Taft, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Originally titled The Eternal Indian, it was intended to be a composite of Native American tribes who inhabited the area. Later, it was given the name “Black Hawk” in honor of the Sauk Leader who tried to defend his people’s homeland against the encroaching whites in the Black Hawk War of 1832.”

{10 additional paragraphs in article.)

Source: Rock River Times, July 2-8, 2014, Vol. 21, No. 37, pp 8 -9.




Black Hawk War

Articles from the Chicago Tribune

Thurston’s “Choice Selections”

Source:  In tin box to the left of yearbooks  (Book 1845)


“Chasing an Elusive War: The Illinois Militia and the Winnebago War of 1827”

Source:  Journal of Illinois History Spring 2009  (pp 8-50)


“Captive Audiences”

Source:  Journal of the Illinois Historical Society  Spring 2013  Vol 106  No 1