U.S. Federal Population Schedules: 1790 to 1840

article by Jana Broglin

Source: Family Chronicle magazine Nov Dec 2012, pp 31-35

“The census was mandated by Congress in 1787 by Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution……parts of this section were changed by law in 1868 regarding the enumeration of Native Americans and African-Americans so all residents would be counted, regardless of being a taxpayer.”

See:

http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/index_of_questions/