Winnebago County History

History 1600’s – first was part of Virginia

History 1700’s – French were first European settlers in county. French explorer, Robert de La Salle, rename country Louisiana

History 1763 – Treaty of Paris 1763  gave land East of Mississippi River to Great Britain

History 1778 – Colonel George Rogers Clark attacked  military posts in Kaskaski, Cahokia and Vincennes. The territory reorganized into Illinois.

History 1783 – The Treaty of Paris 1783 gave Illinois to Great Britain

History 1787 – History 1787 Congressional Ordinance – Ohio River to Mississippi be 3 – 5 States

History 1800  Act of Congress in 1800, Northwest Territory would equal Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Wisconsin

History 1809 – was organized the territory of Illinois and  Kaskaskia became seat of Illinois government

History 1812 – Illinois was advanced to the second grade of territorial government

History 1818 – admitted to Union as a State named for Winnebago Indians, but were not prominent in Indian history

Source: Past and Present of the City of Rockford and Winnebago County 977.33 C471p

Winnebago means “fish eaters”

Source: Sinnissippi Saga 977.33 M31

first settler of European decent : Stephen Mack

Source: Past and Present of the City of Rockford and Winnebago County 977.33 C471p

first settler of East Rockford: Daniel Shaw Haight

Source: Past and Present of the City of Rockford and Winnebago County  977.33 C471p

Illinois State Legislature provided for organization of Winnebago County on January 16, 1836, formed from JoDaviess & LaSalle Counties originally included all of Boone County and part of Stephenson County. On March 4,1837  Illinois State Legislature provided creation of Boone & Stephenson Counties

Source: The pioneers of Winnebago and Boone Counties, Illinois, who came before 1841 R 929.377331 R883p

wanted to secede to Wisconsin between 1818 and 1845

Source: Nuggets of History Summer 1987


Panic of 1873

The Panic of 1857 was followed by the Depression of 1873 in the United States and in Europe, triggered by the fall in demand for silver internationally, which followed Germany’s decision to abandon the silver standard in the wake of the Franco-Prussian War. First symptoms of the crisis were financial failures in the Austro-Hungarian capital, Vienna which spread to most of Europe and the United States by 1873 In Britain, the result was 2 decades of stagnation known as the “Long Depression,” which weakened Britain’s economic leadership in the world. The American Civil War was followed by a boom in railroad construction. Too much capital was involved in (railroad) projects offering no immediate or early returns. The decision of the German empire to cease minting silver thaler coins in 1871 caused a drop in demand and downward pressure on the value of silver; this had a knock on effect in the U.S.A., where much of the supply was then mined. The Coinage Act of 1873 was introduced and this changed the United States policy with silver. The Act hurt Western mining interests, who labeled the act “The Crime of ’73.” In Sept 1873, Jay Cooke and Company, a major component of the United States banking establishment, found itself unable to market several million dollars in Northern Pacific Railway Bonds. Cook’s firm, like many others, was invested heavily in the railroads.  Sept 18 1873, Cooke’s firm declared bankruptcy. The failure of Jay Cooke bank, followed by Henry Clews, set off a chain reaction of bank failures and temporarily closed the New York stock market. (closed 10 days) American Railroad unions commenced the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, preventing the trains from moving. July 1877 there was a crash in the market for lumber.

Source: Wikipedia